Kerala is one of the finest, most developed, most educated and the most densely state of India. And here we can find the most religions: Hindus, Muslims, Catholics, Buddhists and Sikhs make up the population. Kerala is called “Gods own coutry” primarily for its natural beauty, unique atmosphere of lagoons, rich fauna, green tea plantations.
The ‘Kerala Backwaters’ is an about 900 km length natural and man-made canal system which made by 5 lakes and 38 rivers. Originally it used for the transport of goods, but for nowadays it has become a major tourist attraction of Kerala. The lagoon’s typical boat is the “kettuvallam”.
It made by Anjili (Artocarpus hirsuta) wood. It is very interesting, because the hull which is made of hundreds of fine but heavy-duty planks of jack-wood is held together absolutely by coir knots, not a single nail is used.
If we boating around here we can see palm groves and authentic inhabitants of the lagoons, as they harvest banana or wash their clothes.
Kerala’s fertile fields we can see amazing spices, fruit, rice and tea plantations. India is the world’s second largest tea producer and exporter and here located the world’s largest contiguous tea producer region as well.
The first tea shrubs brought from China by the British East India Company in the middle of the 19th century. The most famous English black tea is made by Indian tea. The 1600 meters high Western Ghats Mountains Munnar mountainous is the most ideal for tea cultivation.
Next to Kerala’s flora its fauna is also impressive. There is a reserve around the Lake Periyar which was originally hunting area used by the Maharajas, but today serves as a national park.
This is the home of tigers, leopards, monkeys, sloths, Malabar flying squirrel and numerous species of birds – such as the Indian hornbill. In this 350 square kilometers reserve lush jungle and savanna replaced by antoher, so it’s an ideal place to observe animals in their natural environment.
Kerala is a perfect place to lovers of nature and India for a memorable journey.
by Ilona Kaszanyi